Pale Gums in Cats

Pale gums in cats

About

The colour of a cat’s gums can paint an overall picture of his or her health. Cat gums are usually light pink colour and firm to the touch. Some cats will have black spots on their gums; this usually occurs in red or orange coloured cats and is known as lentigo. Teeth should be firmly adhered to the gum, with no pockets between the tooth and the gum.

Read more

Benadryl (Diphenhydramine) For Cats

Benadryl for cats

At a glance Drug Name: Diphenhydramine hydrochloride Common names: Benadryl, Dimedrol, Daedalon, Nytol, Vetadryl Drug Type: First-generation antihistamine Used For: Allergies, motion sickness, mast cell tumours, vaccine and blood transfusion reactions Species: Humans, cats, dogs, ferrets, rabbits, rodents, birds and cattle Administered: Tablet, oral liquid, injection What is Benadryl? Benadryl (diphenhydramine hydrochloride) is a first-generation … Read more

Can Cats Eat Dog Food?

Can cats eat dog food?

Can cats eat dog food? No, cats have different nutritional needs to dogs. While dog food may look the same, it has ingredients tailored to that of a canine. Feeding a cat dog food can lead to nutritional deficiencies and possibly death. Cats are obligate or true carnivores which means they require meat to survive. … Read more

Bright Red Blood in Cat Stool (Hematochezia)

Bright red blood in cat stool

At a glance

About: Bright red blood either through or on the outside of feces is known as hematochezia. It is a sign of bleeding in the lower intestines (colon and rectum).

Causes:

  • Tumours (benign and cancerous)
  • Colitis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Bacterial infection (Campylobacter, salmonella, e-coli)
  • Viral infection (panleukopenia)
  • Protozoal infection (cryptosporidium)
  • Intestinal worms (hookworm or roundworm)
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Anal gland rupture
  • Rectoanal polyps
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

Diagnosis: Thorough physical examination along with baseline tests including complete blood count, biochemical profile and urinalysis. Additional tests may include imaging, fecal exam, biopsy, colonoscopy and coagulation profiles.

Treatment: Depends on the underlying cause.

Read more

Having A Cat Euthanised At Home

Having a cat euthanised at home

Euthanising a cat

When the time comes in your cat’s life to have him put to sleep, traditionally, the pet owner would take their cat to the veterinary surgery and have a veterinarian perform the euthanasia. I have covered the euthanasia process in another article, so won’t go over it detail again. Suffice to say; the veterinarian will examine your cat to determine if it is time. As your pet’s owner and carer, I have found in most cases, we know when the time has come to say goodbye. Your cat will typically display signs, some of which may include:

  • Loss of interest in surroundings, no longer playing, interacting, wanting to go outside
  • Loss of appetite
  • Drinking a lot
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Obvious signs of pain and discomfort
  • Loss of bodily functions (urinating and defecating uncontrollably)
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Changes in behaviour, wanting to be alone in a quiet spot or wanting to be with you all the time

Read more

Nosebleed (Epistaxis) in Cats

Nosebleed in cats

About

Medically known as epistaxis, nosebleeds are a quite uncommon problem in cats. While some causes are harmless (such as a minor knock), there are several potentially serious causes of nosebleeds in cats, therefore it is important you seek veterinary attention as soon as possible.

Read more

Dying Cat – Signs a Cat is Dying

Dying cat

As a cat moves towards their senior years, age-related diseases become commonplace. While some cats can die very suddenly, many of these diseases are slow and progressive, and with veterinary care, can be managed for an extended period. Eventually, the cat will progress into the late stage of a disease and move into the dying phase. It is never easy to watch a beloved pet’s health decline and to make the decision to say goodbye. Most pet owners struggle with the enormous responsibility but when we are armed with the knowlege of what to look for, and how we can comfort our cat in his or her final days or weeks, be are able to make choices with more clarity.

Read more