Shedding in Cats

Shedding is seen in all mammals who have hair or fur. There will be phases where he sheds more than others, and factors such as whether he is an indoor or outdoor cat, stress, health all play a factor in how much hair he sheds. Even breeds such as the Devon Rex with their short, curly coat can shed, although as they typically have shorter hair, it is less noticeable than on regular coated cats.

Read more

Pulmonary Thromboembolism in Cats

At a glance

About: Pulmonary thromboembolism is a blockage of one of the pulmonary arteries in the lungs by a substance (emboli) that have travelled there from another part of the body. Kittens and senior cats are most at risk.

Causes: The most common cause of pulmonary thromboembolism is a blood clot other causes include heartworm and a globule of fat. Blood can clot as a result of increased clotting disorders, heart disease, tumours, heartworm, polycythemia (increased red blood cells), and damage to the blood vessel walls.

Symptoms: Difficulty breathing, exercise intolerance, blue-tinged gums, lethargy, loss of appetite and sudden death.

Diagnosis: Baseline tests which will include a complete physical examination and medical history, blood count, biochemical profile and urinalysis, arterial blood gasses, coagulation profiles, x-ray, echocardiogram and pulmonary angiography.

Treatment: Stabilise the cat with oxygen therapy, fluid therapy and cage rest. Drugs to dissolve the clot and blood thinners.

Read more