Supportive Care For Cats

supportive care for cats

What is supportive care?

Supportive care is care provided to your cat to assist him when he is sick or injured, the aim is to help reduce pain, keep fluids and nutrition when a cat is too sick to eat and drink on his own, provide necessary care, such as medications, change dressings, and keep your cat comfortable while he recovers.

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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in Cats

Disseminated intravascular coagulation in cats

 

At a glance

About: Disseminated intravascular condition (DIC) is a disease where small blood clots form inside the blood vessels, the increased clotting uses up the blood’s clotting factors leading to massive bleeding.

Causes: There are several causes of DIC in cats including infection, cancer, inflammatory conditions, heat stroke, snake bite, shock, trauma, heartworm disease.

Symptoms: Bruising and bleeding under the skin (petechiae), blood in the stool and urine and unexplained bleeding from the mouth, nose and gums.

Diagnosis: Thorough physical examination along with baseline tests which include complete blood count, blood clotting time, blood smear and imaging.

Treatment: Treat the underlying cause and provide supportive care which may include transfusion of platelets and fluid therapy.

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Overgrown and Abnormal Claws in Cats

Overgrown cat claws

Overgrown claws in cats

Overgrown cat claws are common in older cats, and at its worst can lead to paw pad trauma as the overgrown claw curls into the pad. Onychauxis is a thickening of the claw associated with age, reduced exercise and grooming in senior cats exacerbate the problem.

Causes of overgrown claws

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Glaucoma in Cats: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Glaucoma in cats

At a glance

About: Also known as hard eye, glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure (IOP), leading to damage to the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. Any damage can cause partial or full blindness.

Causes: Trauma, diabetes, infection, displacement of the lens, advanced cataracts and tumours of the eye.

Symptoms: Pain, squinting, redness, dilated pupil in the affected eye, one eye appearing larger than the other, cloudiness of the cornea and vision loss.

Diagnosis: Baseline tests to evaluate the overall health of your cat as well as a thorough physical examination. Tonometry to measure the pressure of the eye, ophthalmoscopy to look at the optic nerve, ultrasound and FIV and FeLV tests.

Treatment: Medications to bring down the intraocular pressure, steroids to reduce inflammation and analgesics to relieve pain.

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Manx Syndrome in Tailless Cats

Grey tabby Manx cat

At a glance

About: Manx syndrome is a collection of disorders affecting the spine, hind legs and colon of tailless cats due to a shortened spine and spinal cord.

Symptoms: Common symptoms of Manx syndrome include urinary and fecal incontinence, constipation and hind leg paralysis.

Diagnosis: Presenting symptoms along with imaging to evaluate the spine and nerves.

Treatment: Manage symptoms such as stool softeners and diapers.

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