At a glance
About: Disseminated intravascular condition (DIC) is a disease where small blood clots form inside the blood vessels, the increased clotting uses up the blood’s clotting factors leading to massive bleeding.
Causes: There are several causes of DIC in cats including infection, cancer, inflammatory conditions, heat stroke, snake bite, shock, trauma, heartworm disease.
Symptoms: Bruising and bleeding under the skin (petechiae), blood in the stool and urine and unexplained bleeding from the mouth, nose and gums.
Diagnosis: Thorough physical examination along with baseline tests which include complete blood count, blood clotting time, blood smear and imaging.
Treatment: Treat the underlying cause and provide supportive care which may include transfusion of platelets and fluid therapy.