Supportive Care For Cats

What is supportive care?

Supportive care is care provided to your cat to assist him when he is sick or injured, the aim is to help reduce pain, keep fluids and nutrition when a cat is too sick to eat and drink on his own, provide necessary care, such as medications, change dressings, and keep your cat comfortable while he recovers.

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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in Cats

At a glance

About: Disseminated intravascular condition (DIC) is a disease where small blood clots form inside the blood vessels, the increased clotting uses up the blood’s clotting factors leading to massive bleeding.

Causes: There are several causes of DIC in cats including infection, cancer, inflammatory conditions, heat stroke, snake bite, shock, trauma, heartworm disease.

Symptoms: Bruising and bleeding under the skin (petechiae), blood in the stool and urine and unexplained bleeding from the mouth, nose and gums.

Diagnosis: Thorough physical examination along with baseline tests which include complete blood count, blood clotting time, blood smear and imaging.

Treatment: Treat the underlying cause and provide supportive care which may include transfusion of platelets and fluid therapy.

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Overgrown and Abnormal Claws in Cats

Overgrown claws in cats

Overgrown cat claws are common in older cats, and at its worst can lead to paw pad trauma as the overgrown claw curls into the pad. Onychauxis is a thickening of the claw associated with age, reduced exercise and grooming in senior cats exacerbate the problem.

Causes of overgrown claws

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Glaucoma in Cats: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

At a glance

About: Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease caused by an increase in the intraocular pressure within the eye, which damages the optic nerve leading to vision loss. 

Causes: Uveitis is the most common cause of feline glaucoma, other causes include trauma and intraocular hemorrhage, displacement of the lens (lens luxation), and ocular tumours. 

Symptoms of glaucoma: Eye pain, watery eye, one or both eyes may become cloudy and enlarged. 

Diagnosis: Baseline tests to evaluate the overall health of your cat as well as a thorough physical examination. Tonometry to measure the pressure of the eye, ophthalmoscopy, ultrasound and FIV and FeLV tests.

Treatment: Medications to bring down pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure), steroids to reduce inflammation and analgesics to relieve pain.

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Manx Syndrome in Tailless Cats

At a glance

About: Manx syndrome is a collection of disorders affecting the spine, hind legs and colon of tailless cats due to a shortened spine and spinal cord.

Symptoms: Common symptoms of Manx syndrome include urinary and fecal incontinence, constipation and hind leg paralysis.

Diagnosis: Presenting symptoms along with imaging to evaluate the spine and nerves.

Treatment: Manage symptoms such as stool softeners and diapers.

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