Also called an esophagram, upper series or contrast study, a barium study is a diagnostic test to evaluate suspected gastrointestinal disease in cats. Barium sulfate is a white radio-opaque metallic powder, once swallowed, the barium coats the inside walls of the gastrointestinal tract which shows up the structures as bright white on x-rays. The veterinarian can also monitor the transit time of the barium during this procedure.
Continuing on with the updates on cat-related days, April 30 is Adopt a Shelter Pet Day. I think every day should be adopt a shelter pet day as there are still so many animals in shelters who are desperate for a loving home of their own. But, personal views aside, adopt a shelter pet day creates awareness for the plight of shelter animals and opens up the opportunity to discuss this important issue and what we can do to help.
Today is Hairball Awareness Day, a day for cat lovers to think about this common condition in cats.
A hairball is a sausage-shaped collection of undigested fur which is occasionally vomited up by cats. The medical name for a hairball is a trichobezoar.
Cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way. These abnormal cells can damage or invade the surrounding tissues, or spread to other parts of the body, causing further damage. Most cancers start in a particular organ.
Pedialyte is an oral electrolyte solution used to treat dehydration in children and cats. It contains not only water and glucose but essential electrolytes (body salts) including sodium, chloride, potassium, which are vital for normal organ function.
At a glance
About: Chronic vomiting is defined as vomiting which lasts longer than three weeks.
Causes: The most common causes of chronic vomiting are inflammatory bowel disease and gastrointestinal lymphoma. Other causes include chronic kidney disease, liver disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, vestibular disease, food allergy, food intolerance and intestinal worms.
Other symptoms: Can vary depending on the cause, but may include diarrhea, weight loss, nausea, drooling, poor coat condition, increase or decrease in appetite.
At a glance
- Common names: Sago palm, king sago, sago cycad, Japanese sago palm, fern palm, coontie palm, cardboard palms, queen sago
- Scientific name: Bowenia, Ceratozamia, Cycas, Dioon, Encephalartos, Macrozamia, Microcycas, Stangeria, and Zamia.
- Toxic parts: All parts of the plant, seeds contain the highest amount of toxin
- Toxic properties: Cycasin, methylazoxymethanol (MAM), B-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) and unidentified.
Esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus, the muscular tube which connects the throat to the stomach and is responsible for the peristalsis of food in which wave-like contractions move food down the esophagus and into the stomach. A layer of mucus protects the underlying tissue from damage. When this protective barrier is broken, inflammation can occur.
Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is an aggressive, rapidly growing malignant tumour which arises from the endothelial cells which line the interior surface of blood vessels and help the blood to flow smoothly. It is more common in dogs and is thankfully quite rare in cats with an incidence of 0.3-2%. There is no breed or sex predilection; however, pale-skinned cats have a higher incidence of dermal hemangiosarcoma, especially cats with chronic sun exposure. The average age is 10.
What is cryosurgery?
Cryosurgery (also called cryotherapy) is a form of surgery that uses liquid nitrogen, nitrous oxide or argon (collectively called cryogens) gas to freeze and destroy abnormal or diseased tissue, thus eliminating the need to surgically cut the tumour out. Cutaneous and subcutaneous tumours are the second most common type of tumours in cats, 50-65% of which are cancerous.