Last Updated on October 27, 2020 by Julia Wilson
Anal sac disease begins when the secretions of the anal glands become thickened and impacted which causes inflammation. If the anal sacs are not treated at this point, an infection may occur which could lead to an abscess. This, in turn, could eventually rupture through the adjacent skin.
Obese cats are more likely to develop anal sac disease.
- Scooting his bottom along the floor
- Biting and or licking around the anal region
- Straining while defecating
- Pain while defecating
- Defecating outside the litter box
- Obvious pain in the anal area
- Swelling in the anal area
- Rupture around the anal region
If the anal glands are simply impacted and haven’t progressed to infection and or abscess it may be possible to manually express the glands. Your veterinarian will need to do this and it involves inserting a finger into the anus and gently applying pressure.
If the anal sacs have become infected or abscessed, lancing and extraction of the infected material will be necessary. This is followed by flushing and antibiotics are instilled into the sacs to treat an infection.
If your cat has repeated problems with their anal glands, surgical removal may be necessary.
Check the anal sacs regularly for signs of impaction, infection or abscess.