|What is Manx syndrome? Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment|
Manx syndrome is a collection of disorders affecting the spine and sometimes the hind limbs of affected cats. It is believed to be a form of spina bifida, in which the spine fails to develop as it should.
The condition is congenital (present at birth) and occurs during development in the caudal (tail) region of the embryonic neural tube. The (caudal/tail vertebrae) are absent and in some cases, one or more of the sacral bones are deformed or reduced in number. Along with this, a shortening of the spinal cord (spinal cord dysgenesis) and/or absence of the cauda equina (the bundle of nerves located at the lower end of the spinal cord which transmit messages to the pelvic organs and hind legs), resulting in fecal and urinary dysfunction due to innervation in the anal and perineal area affecting the bladder and anus. Partial paralysis may also occur in the hind legs. Continue reading