Common flowers toxic to cats

Common Flowers Toxic to Cats

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Common flowers you may find in floral arrangements, potted flowers that are toxic to cats and common garden flowers which can be cut and brought inside.

Tulips: 

Tulips toxic to cats

Scientific name: Tulipa spp.

Toxic compound: Tulipalin A and B

Toxic parts: All parts, the bulb is the most toxic

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances

Symptoms: Dizziness, nausea, drooling, abdominal pain, loss of coordination, lethargy, and weakness

Daffodils and jonquils: 

Daffodils
Daffodils

Scientific name: Narcissus spp.

Toxic compound: Lycorine

Toxic parts: All parts, the bulb is the most toxic

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances and cardiac arrhythmias

Symptoms: Vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, seizures,  abdominal pain, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. 

Amaryllis: 

Amaryllis (Belladonna Lily)
Amaryllis (Belladonna Lily)

Scientific name: Amaryllis or Hippeastrum spp.

Other names: Belladonna Lily, Naked Lady, Resurrection Lily, Butterfly Amaryllis, St Joseph Lily

Toxic compound: Lycorine

Toxic parts: All parts, the bulb, and leaves are the most toxic

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances

Symptoms: Vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and tremors.

Dahlia: 

Dahlia
Dahlia

Scientific name: Dahlia spp.

Toxic compound: Unknown

Toxic parts: Leaves and tubers

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation

Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, skin irritation

Lilies: 

Lilies
Lilies

Scientific name: Lilium and Hemerocallis

Other names: Rubrum Lily, Tiger Lily, Asiatic Lily, Day Lily, Stargazer Lily, and Easter Lily

Toxic compound: Unknown

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Kidney failure

Symptoms: Vomiting, drooling, loss of appetite, lethargy, depression, increased urination followed by decreased/absent urination.

See more on lily poisoning here.

Calla lily: 

Calla lily
Calla lily

Scientific name: Zantedeschia aethiopica

Other names: Arum Lily, Calla Lily, Florist’s Calla, Pig Lily, White Arum, Trumpet Lily,  White Arum, Garden Calla

Toxic compound: Insoluble calcium oxalate crystals

Toxic parts: All parts, the roots are the most toxic

Causes: Gastrointestinal and oral irritation

Symptoms: Drooling, oral pain, difficulty swallowing, oral ulceration, vomiting, loss of appetite

Hyacinth: 

Hyacinth
Hyacinth

Scientific name: Hyacinthus orientalis

Toxic compound: Calcium oxalate crystals and lycorine

Toxic parts: All parts, the bulb is the most toxic

Causes: Oral and gastrointestinal irritation

Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea (sometimes with blood), drooling and oral irritation

Chrysanthemum:

Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum

Scientific name: Chrysanthemum spp.

Other names: Daisy and Mum

Toxic compound: Sesquiterpene lactones and pyrethrins

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation

Symptoms: Vomiting, diarrhea, drooling and incoordination and rash

Delphinium: 

Delphinium (Larkspur)
Delphinium (Larkspur)

Scientific name: Delphinium spp.

Other names: Larkspur

Toxic compound: Diterpene alkaloids

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Cardiotoxic and neuromuscular paralysis

Symptoms: Drooling, constipation, abdominal pain, paralysis, tremors, weakness, dilated pupils, abnormal heart rhythm and convulsions

Gardenia: 

Gardenia
Gardenia

Scientific name: Gardenia jasminoides

Other names: Cape Jasmine, Cape Jessamine, Danh-danh

Toxic compound: Genioposide and gardenoside

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances

Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Carnation: 

Carnation
Carnation

Scientific name: Dianthus caryophyllus

Other names: Clove pink

Toxic compound: Unknown

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Mild gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation

Symptoms: Mild vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite and skin irritation (swelling and redness)

Anthurium

Anthurium
Anthurium

Scientific name: Anthurium scherzeranum

Common names: Pigtail plant, painter’s pallet, laceleaf, oilcloth flower, flamingo lily, and tail flower

Toxic compound: Insoluble calcium oxalate crystals

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Mild gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation

Symptoms: Drooling, pawing at the mouth, oral swelling and pain, vomiting, loss of appetite

Peace lily: 

Peace lily
Peace lily

Scientific name: Spathiphyllum spp.

Toxic compound: Insoluble calcium oxalate crystals

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Mild gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation

Symptoms: Drooling, pawing at the mouth, oral swelling, and pain, vomiting, loss of appetite

Gladiola: 

Gladiola
Gladiola

Scientific name: Gladiolus spp.

Toxic compound: Unknown

Toxic parts: All parts, the bulbs are the most toxic

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances

Symptoms: Vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, loss of appetite, lethargy

Hydrangea:

Hydrangea
Hydrangea

Scientific name: Hydrangea arborescens

Other names: Hortensia, Hills of Snow, Seven Bar

Toxic compound:  Cyanogenic glycoside

Toxic parts: Flowers and leaves

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation, large amounts can cause cyanosis

Symptoms: Vomiting, nausea, drooling, loss of appetite, skin irritation, difficulty breathing

Cyclamen: 

Cyclamen
Cyclamen

Scientific name: Cyclamen spp.

Other names: Sowbread

Toxic compound: Terpenoid saponins

Toxic parts: All parts, the tubers are the most toxic

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances and abnormal heart rhythm

Symptoms: Vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, loss of appetite, lethargy and abnormal heart rhythm

Bird of paradise: 

Bird of paradise plant
Bird of paradise plant

Scientific name: Strelitzia reginae

Other names: Crane Flower, Bird’s Tongue Flower

Toxic compound: Unknown

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances

Symptoms: Vomiting, nausea, drooling and loss of appetite

Poppy: 

Poppy
Poppy

Scientific name: Papaver spp.

Toxic compound: Opium and morphine

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Central nervous dysfunction

Symptoms: Sedation, wobbly gait (ataxia), loss of appetite, dilated pupils, decreased heart rate

Peony:

Peony
Peony

Scientific name: Paeonis officinalis

Toxic compound: Paeonol

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances

Symptoms: Vomiting and diarrhea

Poinsettia:

Poinsettia toxic to cats

Scientific name: Euphorbia pulcherrima

Toxic compound: Sap

Toxic parts: Sap

Causes: Irritation to the mouth and skin

Symptoms: Drooling, redness, swelling and occasionally vomiting

Iris

Iris toxic to cats

Scientific name: Iris spp.

Other names: Bearded iris, Douglas’s flag, snake lily, water flag, western blue flag, yellow flag, yellow water iris

Toxic compound: Pentacylic terpenoids (zeorin, missourin and missouriensin)

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic, the highest concentration is in the rhizomes (bulbs)

Causes: Gastrointestinal disturbances and skin irritation

Symptoms: Vomiting, drooling, diarrhea

Clematis:

Clematis
Clematis

Scientific name: Clematis spp.

Other names: Virgin’s Bower, Leather flower

Toxic compound: Irritant glycoside (Protoanemonin)

Toxic parts: All parts of the plant are toxic to cats

Causes: Skin irritation

Symptoms: Vomiting and drooling

Ornamental onion:

Ornamental onion
Ornamental onion

Scientific name: Allum spp.

Toxic compound: N-propyl disulfide and sodium n-propylthiosulfate

Toxic parts: All parts are toxic to cats, but the highest concentration is in the bulb

Causes: Heinz body anemia

Symptoms: Vomiting, weakness, jaundice (yellow gums), blood in the urine, abdominal pain, elevated heart rate, lethargy, collapse

Foxglove:

Foxglove toxic to cats

Scientific name: Digitalis purpurea

Toxic compound: Cardiac glycosides (digoxin and digitoxin)

Toxic parts: All parts are toxic to cats

Causes: Heart abnormalities

Symptoms: Cardiac arrhythmias, decreased heart rate, drooling, vomiting, tremors, weakness, dilated pupils, collapse

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