At a glance
- Origin: USA
- Lifespan: 12-14 years
- Eyes: Green, gold, copper and white cats can have blue or odd eyes
- Energy: Medium
- Temperament: Loyal, easygoing, intelligent, gentle
- Weight: Males 6-8 kg (13.2 – 17.6 lbs), females 5-7 kg (11 – 15.4 lbs)
- Colours: Solid, tabby, bi-colour and shaded
- Coat: Long
- Grooming: Requires daily grooming
- Good with children? Yes
- Also called: Coonie, Maine Cat, Maine Trick Cat, American Longhair, American Forest Cat, American Shag and American Snughead.
Related: Maine Coon photo gallery
The Maine Coon is the largest domestic cat breed which is thought to be descended from European cats brought over on ships. It is the oldest natural cat breeds in North America and is the official state cat of its native state of Maine.
Maine Coons are known for their luxuriously long coat, ear furnishings, and powerful body. Despite its size, the Maine Coon is considered to be a gentle giant who is gentle, loyal and intelligent.
Affectionately known as coonies, the Maine Coon has been around for many centuries. They are a natural breed of cat, and to anyone who has ever met one or everyone who has ever lived with one, the Maine Coon is a very special breed of cat. The exact origins of the Maine Coon is a mystery, but there are several theories which include:
- They are an outcross between a Bobcat/Wildcat and a domestic cat.
- Ship cats came to America from European countries and mated with native feral cats.
- They are descendants of six Angora cats Marie Antoinette sent on a ship to the safety of Maine, before her beheading.
- They are a cross between a house cat and a raccoon (which is impossible, by the way).
Maine Coons were first exhibited at the local Skowhegan Fair held by New England farmers in the early 1860s. Twelve Maine Coons were shown at the Boston Cat Show in 1878. The first national cat show was in 1895 at Madison Square Garden where a female Maine Coon by the name of Cosey won Best in Show. During the first half of the 1900s, the breed dropped out of favour, with the arrival of Persian cats from England taking the spotlight. In fact, the Cat Fanciers Association declared the breed extinct in 1959 claiming that the breed had failed to adapt to warmer climates.
The resurrection of the Maine Coon:
However, during this time, the breed continued in the background as pets. Mrs Ethelyn Whittemore of Augusta, Maine has continued to breed Maine Coons keeping records of parents and their litters. The breed was resurrected in the 1950s using many of the Whittemore cats, and the Central Maine Cat Club (CMCC) was formed in 1953 by Alta Smith and Ruby Dyer. The Maine Coon was accepted with the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) in 1975 and was awarded Championship status with them on 1st May, 1975. Eventually, interest in the Maine Coon started to spread abroad with the first Maine Coon was sent to Britain in 1983.
Did you know?
- The world’s longest cat was a Maine Coon by the name of Stewie, measuring in at a whopping 48.5 inches. Stewie also holds the world record for the longest cat tail at 16.34 inches.
- The Maine Coon is the official cat of the state of Maine.
- Three Maine Coons played Mrs Norris, Argus Filch’s cat in the Harry Potter films.
Long, strong, broad and muscular. Maine Coons are the largest breed of domestic cat in the world.
Legs are muscular and well proportioned. The front legs are set wide apart; the upper hind legs have a covering of long fur known as britches. Feet and toe feathering or furnishings were also needed to enable them to run through the snow, and icy waters and these keep the paw pads from getting too cold. Paws are large and round.
The tail is long, broad at the base, tapering to the tip, is thick and bushy.
They have a solid and rugged appearance, which is a reminder of their working cat history. Maine Coons don’t reach their full size until they are between 3 to 5 years of age.
Their semi-longhaired coat is of varying lengths; they were well built to survive in the harsh North American winters. It is shorter around the head and shoulders, with a ruff around the neck and chest. This coat is very water-resistant and quite soft to the touch. There is a thick ruff around the cat’s neck. A plumed tail of large proportions finishes off this wonderful coat.
The head is broad and is slightly longer than it is wide, the cheekbones are set high. The muzzle and chin are square, strong and blunt.
Maine Coons have large ears which are wide at the base, tapering to a pointed tip with their distinctive ear furnishings inside and the lynx tips on the top of the ears, which give them their wild look.
The eyes are large, wide-set, and oval-shaped and beautifully expressive. Eye colour can be copper, yellow, green, blue and odd-eyes.
The Maine Coon comes in a variety of colours, which includes:
- Mackerel tabby
- Ticked tabby
- Classic tabby
For a full list of Maine Coon colours, see the CFA breed standard.
Maine Coons smart and known for their dog-like qualities; they are loyal and will often bond with one person in the family. The Maine Coon is known as the gentle giant of the cat world and do have a very kind and gentle outlook on life.
Their intelligence makes them easy to train. High activity levels through to couch potatoes are ways of describing the day of a Maine Coon. Maine Coons love to climb and be up high, so heavy-based scratching poles are a necessity. Water is also a favourite, to drink, play in or in some cases swim in. You will never be safe in the bath or shower if you share your home with a Maine Coon.
The Maine Coon loves human companionship and will follow you around the house and be a part of what you are doing. Some can be talkative, their voice is more a high-pitched trill than a meow and can be used in various tones depending on how they want to talk to us.
All in all, the Maine Coon is a healthy cat, although some Maine Coons can be prone to the following health problems.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Hip dysplasia
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Patellar luxation
- Polydactylism (more toes than normal which are usually just cosmetic)
- Spinal muscular atrophy
- Early-onset periodontal disease
Ask breeders about these conditions and if their cats have been tested for ones which can be tested for (such as polycystic kidney disease). Responsible breeders recognise take steps to test, and if necessary, remove breeding cats from the pool if they are at risk of passing on inherited conditions.
Buying a purebred cat
Purebred cats should only be purchased from a registered cat breeder. This means they are registered with a relevant cat council which can be verified. This helps to ensure they abide by the council’s code of ethics, and all cats are registered purebred Maine Coons. If possible, ask for references from people who have purchased a Maine Coon from the breeder.
Kittens should not leave the breeder until they are at least 12 weeks old. They need this time with their mother and siblings to learn socialisation and wait until they have had at least two of their vaccinations.
If you would like to show the cat, let the breeder know. Many breeders sell pet-quality purebred cats, which means they don’t fit the breed standard perfectly. It is almost always a minor ‘flaw’ such as a kinked tail or a minor fault in their colour and doesn’t reflect the health or personality of the cat. Show quality cats should be just that but usually come at a higher cost.
Always get guarantees in writing.
The coat of the Maine Coon is silken but not as thick as other longhaired breeds; it benefits from a daily groom to get rid of loose hairs, it only takes 5-10 minutes and will keep it tangle-free and beautiful. Most cats do not need a bath.
Maine Coons should be fed a good-quality diet for optimum health.
Looking after your cat’s teeth is important not only for dental health but overall health, particularly as Maine Coons may develop periodontal disease from an early age.
Maine Coons are very adaptable and will be happy with single-person homes or in families, with or without other animals, providing the animals are accepting of cats.
They do like company whether it be human or another cat or dog, and even though they are a large cat, they can happily live in apartments as well as they can in family homes. If you are out for long periods, consider two cats.
Frequently asked questions
Do Maine Coon cats make good pets?
The Maine Coon makes a great pet due to their easygoing and gentle nature.
Do Maine Coons shed a lot?
The Maine Coon sheds as much as any other breed, and have one or two big moults a year. Groom once a day for five minutes to keep shedding to a minimum.
Are Maine Coons vocal?
The Maine Coon isn’t overly loud, but they can be quite talkative and are known to chirp and trill.
How much does a Maine Coon cost?
A Maine Coon can cost between $1,000 – $2,000. Factors which determine the price include if the cat is a pet or show-quality and if you intend to breed from the cat. A pet quality Maine Coon costs less.