Poisoning in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment

Poisoning in cats

Poisoning at a glance

  • Poisoning is a life-threatening emergency which requires immediate veterinary care.
  • Common poisons include human medications, insecticides, household cleaners, plants and rodenticides.
  • Symptoms can vary but may include vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, confusion, lethargy, unsteady gait.
  • Treatment depends on the type of poisoning but may include gastric decontamination (induce vomiting/pump the stomach), activated charcoal to prevent further absorption, toxin-specific antidotes, fluid therapy and supportive care. The earlier your cat receives treatment, the better the outcome.

Read morePoisoning in Cats – Symptoms and Treatment

Kitten and Cat Vaccinations

Cat vaccination

Vaccinations have significantly reduced the incidence of several infectious diseases over the past few decades. They work by introducing either a modified live vaccine which contains viruses that have been altered so that they are no longer able to cause disease, or a killed disease-causing organism (virus or bacteria), which stimulates the immune system, making it better able to defend against the disease.

Read moreKitten and Cat Vaccinations

Cat Eye Discharge

Eye discharge in cats

At a glance

Eye discharge is an excessive amount of discharge from the eye, which can be crusty, mucousy or watery. It is always a sign of an underlying issue and can affect one eye or both eyes.


  • Conjunctivitis
  • Foreign body
  • Cat flu
  • Blepharitis
  • Stye
  • Dry eye
  • Corneal ulcer
  • Blocked tear ducts
  • Uveitis
  • Allergy


The goal of treatment is to find and treat the underlying cause.

Read moreCat Eye Discharge

How To Clean A Litter Tray – Step By Step Guide

Choosing a litter tray

Daily maintenance

Litter trays should be scooped at least once a day (twice is better), with all solids removed. Clumping litter causes cat urine to clump (hence the name), obviously, making this easier to scoop out too. If too much litter has been removed, top up with a little fresh litter.

Always wear rubber gloves when cleaning litter boxes, and if you are pregnant, avoid litter tray duties to minimise the risk of exposure to toxoplasmosis.

Read moreHow To Clean A Litter Tray – Step By Step Guide

Travelling With Cats – Car or Plane

Travelling with cats

Cats are not the easiest of pets to travel with as they are creatures of habit and prefer the familiarity and safety of their home. Where possible, it is always better to leave your cat either at home with a sitter or at a boarding cattery but sometimes travelling is necessary, either a family moves home or decides to take an extended trip and would like to bring the cat along.

Read moreTravelling With Cats – Car or Plane

Bland Diet For Cats With Vomiting and Diarrhea

Bland diet for sick cats

The purpose of putting a cat on a bland diet is to allow the decrease of peristalsis, the contraction of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract, and allow it to rest and heal before introducing more difficult to digest foods. Your veterinarian may recommend a cat be put on a bland diet after a recent bout of sickness affecting his gastrointestinal tract, has a medical condition which causes nausea, or needs an easily digestible food.

Read moreBland Diet For Cats With Vomiting and Diarrhea

Cat Weight – Is My Cat Underweight or Overweight

Cat weight

There are a number of possible causes of weight loss or gain in cats, including medical conditions and overfeeding/underfeeding.

As the cause can be caused by a disease or dietary,  it is important that you seek the advice of your veterinarian to determine the cause. The vet will do a complete physical examination, obtain a medical history from you, ask questions about diet, what food, how much, how often, and possibly take blood and urine samples for testing.

Read moreCat Weight – Is My Cat Underweight or Overweight

Pets and Immunocompromised People

Pets and immunocompromised people

The immune system is made up of several different cells, organs, and chemicals which protect us from invading organisms. Some people have a weak or absent immune system which may be transient, such as those undergoing treatment (for example, chemotherapy) or maturing (premature babies), or permanent, due to disease. This article looks at some diseases … Read more Pets and Immunocompromised People

Zyrtec (Cetirizine) For Cats

Zyrtec for cats

What is Zyrtec?

Zyrtec (cetirizine) is a second-generation antihistamine which can treat allergy-related symptoms in cats. Antihistamines work by blocking the effects of histamine on certain cells within the body. When a cat has an allergic response, mast cells and basophils release histamine which binds to cells containing H1 receptors. Four types of receptors have been identified so far.

  • H1 – Located in the smooth muscles, lining of blood vessels and airways.
  • H2 – Found in the stomach cells and stimulates the secretion of stomach acid.
  • H3 – Located in the neurons of the brain, influences neurotransmission.
  • H4 – Found in the bone marrow and white blood cells, responsible for immune response.

What are antihistamines?

Read moreZyrtec (Cetirizine) For Cats

Why Do Cats Knead?

Why do cats knead?

Kittens knead at their mother’s belly when they feed; this helps to stimulate her milk flow.

When a kitten or cat kneads, they will push rhythmically in and out with alternating paws (kneading is also referred to as making biscuits or milk treading for this very reason). They often appear to be in a trance-like state, with eyes closed, sometimes drooling and purring. They seem to be enjoying the moment, and I view kneading as a sign of a contented cat.

In many cats, this kneading behaviour continues into adulthood. Cats can often be found kneading a soft or furry blanket, and some will even knead on humans. I have a cat who will also lie on his side and knead into thin air.

Read moreWhy Do Cats Knead?