Cytology in Cats

Cytology

Also known as cytopathology, cytology is a cost-effective and common diagnostic procedure in which the veterinarian or a specialised laboratory examines the structure and function of cells under a microscope. Cells are the smallest living entity and are found in all living organisms. They are made up of the cell membrane, cytoplasm and the nucleus, which contains the DNA. Animals and plants are made up of trillions of different types of cells which have diverse tasks, bacteria, some fungi and protozoa are single-celled organisms.

Read more

Pros and Cons of Covered Litter Trays

Covered litter trays vs open litter trays

Covered litter trays have had a huge surge in popularity over the past two decades. These litter trays have a top and a bottom, with a hole or a flap in the entrance or in the top.

Pros of covered litter trays

Odour control

The closed-in design greatly reduces litter tray odours spreading throughout the home.

Less litter scatter

Some cats like to try to dig their way to China in the litter tray, the enclosed litter tray prevents cat litter being flicked out of the tray.

We don’t have to look at their waste

Let’s face it, nobody wants to look at clumps of feces and urine in the litter tray between scoops.

Prevents dogs accessing the litter

Some dogs will eat urine if they have easy access to the litter tray, not only is this revolting, but it can potentially spread disease.

Provides privacy

Some cats prefer the privacy that a covered litter tray offers.

Read more

Can Cats Have Down Syndrome?

Can cats have down syndrome?

What is down syndrome?

Also known as trisomy 21, down syndrome is a genetic condition which is caused by an extra or partial copy of chromosome 21. Chromosomes are threadlike structures which are located within the nucleus of every cell and contain deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). DNA carries genetic instructions for the development, functioning, growth and reproduction.

Usually, there are two pairs of chromosomes, each parent contributes one chromosome in each pair. Trisomy is a genetic disorder in which the organism has three chromosomes instead of two which causes development delays and congenital defects.

Read more

Maropitant (Cerenia) For Cats

Maropitant (cerenia) for cats

Maropitant at a glance

Drug Name: Maropitant citrate
Common names: Cerenia
Drug Type: Neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1) antagonist
Uses: Vomiting, motion sickness
Species: Cat, dogs
Administered: Oral, injectable (subcutaneous and intravenous)
Human labelled products: None

About

Maropitant citrate is the only FDA approved antiemetic which is produced by Zoetis for the prevention and treatment of vomiting and motion sickness in cats and dogs.

Read more

Are Orchids Toxic to Cats?

Are orchids toxic to cats?

Orchids (Orchidaceae) are a wide and diverse family of plants popular for their beautiful and often fragrant flowers. With 880 genera and 26,000 species, orchids are the second largest family of flowering plants (sunflowers are the largest family).

Are orchids toxic to cats?

The ASPCA lists the Phalaenopsis, the most common species of orchid as non-toxic. Also known as moon or moth orchid, Phalaenopsis consists of 70 species.

Cypripedium spp. (lady slipper orchid) is a genus of 58 orchids which is labelled as toxic to humans, causing mild skin irritation. The toxic properties are unknown.

Cypripedium (Lady's slipper orchid)
Cypripedium (Lady’s slipper orchid)

Unfortunately, there is no information on other genera of orchid and their toxicity to cats. As a precaution, we recommend sticking with Phalaenopsis species which come in a wide variety of colours to choose from including white, pink, salmon, purple in one colour or speckled.

Read more

DNA Tests For Cats – What Can They Tell Us?

DNA tests for cats

What is a DNA test?

A DNA test is a test on the cat’s deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which carries genetic instructions for the sex, development, growth and function of cats. In some cases, it can also trigger disease or congenital defects. DNA is found in the cells of all living things and is located within the nucleus of every cell.

Pet owners may choose a DNA test to determine a cat’s ancestry or more importantly, obtain information about a cat’s risk of disease.

Read more

Cat Breeds from Asia

Siamese kitten

At a glance

  • Birman
  • Burmese
  • Dragon Li
  • Japanese Bobtail
  • Khao Manee
  • Konja
  • Korat
  • Persian
  • Siamese
  • Singapura
  • Suphalak
  • Turkish Angora
  • Turkish Van

About

Asia has provided us with an array of stunning cats which are often referred to under the umbrella of ‘oriental’ although this term is distinct to the oriental cat breed, which is essentially a Siamese type cat in non-pointed colours and did not originate from Asia.

Read more