Siamese cats are known for their long, slender body, stunning blue eyes, and their unique pointed coat pattern. The breed comes in several colors; the most common are seal, blue, chocolate, and lilac.
Related: Siamese cat genetics
A tomcat is a sexually mature entire (un-neutered) male cat. The name tomcat is derived from an eighteenth-century work of fiction titled The Life and Adventures of a Cat authored by Willoughby Mynors. The main character was Tom the Cat, a promiscuous male cat. Before the publication of The Life and Adventures of a Cat, males were known as rams, boars or gibs.
Also referred to as chonky, a chonk cat is an internet slang word used to refer to an overweight or obese cat and is a play on the word chunk or chunky. The term was originally coined in response to a modified body condition score chart which is an animal equivalent of the body mass index (BMI) and was posted on a Facebook group in 2018 before being widely shared on Twitter and Reddit. In fact, there is now a sub-reddit set up for chonky cats.
Chonk was originally used to describe fat cats but is now used to describe any fat animal including dogs, penguins, seals and even a chonky black snake.
Coat coats contain two pigments, phaeomelanin (red pigment) and eumelanin (black or brown pigment), these can further be split into colours depending on the shape of the pigment (round or oval) or the number and distribution of pigment granules.
The photo below shows phaeomelanin (red pigment) and eumelanin (black or brown pigment) side by side on a caliby cat.
Also known as ginger, orange or red, a marmalade cat is a cat whose fur is made up of a pale orange background and darker orange spots, stripes or swirls. All marmalade cats carry the tabby pattern, as the non-agouti gene responsible for solid coats such as black or brown does not affect phaeomelanin (orange). Some marmalade cats also carry the white spotting gene, which causes areas of white on a solid or tabby cat.
A group of cats is called a clowder, this word is believed to be a variation of clutter, from the word clott, which means round mass or lump. A much less used term is a ‘glaring‘, however, there is little information available on the etymology of this word or when it fell out of use. The term clowder only applies to groups of three or more cats.
Also known as a muted tortie, a dilute tortie is a type of coat colour and pattern which consists of grey and cream markings.
This striking coat pattern is the dilute form of the more traditional black and red (orange) tortie pattern. Tortoiseshell almost exclusively occurs in female cats as the orange gene is located on the X chromosome, as the male (XY) only inherits one copy of the X chromosome he will either be orange or non-orange. As a female cat (XX) has two X chromosomes, if she inherits one copy of the orange gene, and one copy of black, she will be tortoiseshell. The dilute gene changes black and red to grey and cream.
Also known as vibrissae, feline whiskers are specialised tactile hairs that are found on either side of the muzzle and are known as sinus hairs or mystacial whiskers. Vibrissae are also found above the eyes, on the muzzle and behind the wrists, however, mystacial vibrissae are the longest tactical hairs on the body and are placed in three well-defined rows of twelve.