14 Unusual Breeds of Cat

Unusual cat breeds

The difference between cat breeds isn’t quite as vast as that of dogs but many cat breeds have unusual features that make them unique. This may be curled ears, short legs or unusual fur. Most of the cats arose from a spontaneous mutation and were developed to create new cat breeds.

New breeds which arise from spontaneous mutations take years to develop, breeders must determine if the mutation is dominant or recessive and if it causes any long-term effects on the cat. Established breeds or domestic (mixed-breed) cats are often utilised in order to increase the size of the gene pool.

Dominant vs recessive genes

Cats acquire two copies of each gene, one from the mother and one from the father. A dominant gene only needs one copy for the trait to be expressed, whereas two copies of the recessive gene must be inherited to be expressed.

Some cats may inherit one dominant and one recessive gene, the dominant gene overrides the recessive, which is not expressed. However, if the cat mates with another cat who also carries the same recessive gene and the kitten receive a copy from each parent, the trait will be expressed. This is known as a carrier.

In some cases, a doubling up of a dominant gene (homozygous) is lethal.

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How To Safely Clean Litter Trays

How to safely clean litter trays

Litter tray maintenance is important to ensure it remains clean and appealing for the cat to use, but also because cat feces can carry a number of pathogens and parasites with the potential to infect humans.

As a rule, each home should have one litter tray per cat, plus one extra. So a home with two cats would have three litter trays. Too few, and the trays can become dirty too fast which can lead to litter tray refusal.

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How Do Working People Take Care Of A Cat?

How do working people take care of a cat?

Working full time and caring for a cat

Cats have a reputation for being easy to care for, and while there is some truth to that, cats do still have needs. With an increasing number of the population working full time, people considering a cat have to be aware of just what is involved and if it is possible for full-time workers to care for a cat.

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Is Hand Sanitiser Toxic to Cats

Does hand sanitiser contain antifreeze?

The current covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of handwashing and if that is not possible, hand sanitiser to reduce the transmission of pathogens. It hasn’t taken long for rumours to circulate social media that hand sanitiser contains antifreeze (ethylene glycol) which is a known toxin to cats. The original post has been shared 447,000 times before it was finally removed by Facebook or the original author.

Does hand sanitiser contain the same ingredient as antifreeze?

No, hand sanitiser does not contain ethylene glycol, the active ingredients are either ethyl alcohol (the same alcohol in alcoholic beverages) or isopropyl alcohol (surgical spirit). Alcohol solutions which contain 60% to 95% alcohol are most effective at killing pathogens.

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12 Common Cat Questions Answered

10 frequently asked questions about cats

Common cat questions

We have selected some of the most commonly asked questions about cats and their behaviour.

What is the biggest cat breed?

Tortoiseshell Maine coon

The largest cat domestic cat breed is the Maine Coon. Adult males can weigh as much as 11 kg or 24.2 pounds and can grow up to three feet in length. Female Maine Coons are generally smaller than males.

Maine Coons are a slow-growing breed and it can take up to four years for the Maine Coon to reach his or her full size.

Perineal Urethrostomy in Cats

Perineal urethrostomy in cats

A perineal urethrostomy is a surgical procedure performed on male cats who have had recurrent bouts of urinary obstruction. Which occurs when mucus plugs, crystals or stones become lodged in the urethra, which is the thin tube that passes from the bladder to the tip of the penis. Once a blockage develops and the cat is no longer able to urinate, the bladder can rupture and toxins build up in the bloodstream, within 24 hours the cat is in acute kidney failure.

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