Abyssinian Cat Breed Information

Last Updated on March 22, 2021 by Julia Wilson

At a glance

  • Eyes: Gold, copper, green and hazel
  • Energy: Medium to high
  • Temperament: Playful, outgoing, curious, loving
  • Weight: Males 4.5-5.5 kg (9.9 – 12.1 lbs), females 4-4.5 kg (8.8 – 11 lbs)
  • Colours: Ruddy, cinnamon, fawn, and blue
  • Grooming: Easy
  • Also called: Aby
  • Prevalence: Common

About

Affectionately nicknamed Aby, the Abyssinian is one of the oldest cat breeds. Its origin is somewhat unknown and there are several stories as to how the breed came about. They have a similar appearance to ancient Egyptian cats.

Abyssinians are playful, affectionate, energetic, friendly, loving and love to be up high. They make an exceptional family pet.

History

The first Abyssinian cat was brought to England in 1868. In the book Cats, Their Points and Characteristics (published in 1874), author Gordon Stables mentions the following…”Zula, the property of Mrs Captain Barrett-Lennard. This cat was brought from Abyssinia at the conclusion of the war…” In the Harpers Weekly supplement dated January 27, 1872, there is an illustration of several feline exhibits from the London Crystal Palace show, including an Abyssinian cat. In the following write up the journalist writes

“The third prize was taken by the Abyssinian cat, shown in the lower right-hand corner of the illustration. She was captured in the late Abyssinian war, and was most remarkable for her woe-begone appearance, seemingly discontented at her sudden elevation into notoriety, and longing for her barbaric freedom in the good old days of King Theodore.”

Sadly no written record traces the early Abyssinians in Britain exist. It is believed by some breeders that the Abyssinian cat was actually created by crossing silver and brown Tabbies with English ticked cats known as bunny cats.

The Abyssinian cat was officially recognised as a distinct breed in 1882. The first standard of points was published in Harrison Weir’s book in 1889 and the first Abyssinian registered in the National Cat Club Studbook was in 1896.

Appearance

The Abyssinian has a muscular, strong and lithe body that is oriental in type. Legs are long and slender leading to small, oval-shaped paws. The tail is thick at the base, long and tapering at the tip. Abyssinians weigh between 4.5 – 6 kg (9.9 – 13.2 oz).

The head is a modified wedge, with a muzzle that is neither pointed nor square. The large, almond-shaped eyes range in colour from green to hazel.

The coat of the Abyssinian is short, silky and close-lying with distinct ticking and a beautiful sheen. The original ruddy Abyssinian colour is known as Usual in the United Kingdom, other colours include sorrel (not recognised by the Cat Fanciers Association), blue, fawn, silver and tortoiseshell.

Temperament

Abyssinians are highly intelligent, extroverted and active cats who thrive on companionship. They are very dog-like and don’t do well when left on their own for long. Abyssinians are high energy and love to be up high and can jump as high as 150 – 180 cm. Their intelligence makes the Abyssinian easy to train to walk on a leash or play a game of fetch.

Due to their people-loving nature, the Abyssinian doesn’t do well if they are left on their own for extended periods. If you are out of the house for long hours, consider adopting two cats. Abyssinians thrive on company, and it is important that if you are thinking of adopting an Aby, that you can give him the time and attention he needs.

Words often used to describe Abyssinians include loyal, active, intelligent, playful and inquisitive.

Health

The Abyssinian is an overall healthy breed of cat but can be affected by progressive retinal atrophy and pyruvate kinase deficiency. There are genetic tests for both of these diseases which should be carried out on all breeding stock to ensure they are not carriers.

The expected lifespan of an Abyssinian cat is between 12-14 years. Annual veterinary visits are important, which should change to bi-annual once the cat reaches the age of seven. Most health-related diseases can be managed if caught in the early stages.

Buying an Abyssinian cat

Always buy a purebred cat from a registered cat breeder. A cat from a backyard breeder will cost less, but you don’t know what you will get. Try to see the kitten in his environment, and if possible meet his mother too. I really believe what you see as a kitten is what you will get.

I personally like to buy a kitten who grew up inside the home with the breeder and their family. Kittens should not leave their home until they are at least 12 weeks old, by which time they will have received two vaccinations. Many breeders also opt to desex (spay or neuter) the kitten before he goes to his new home.

Care

The short hair of the Abyssinian coat requires little more than a five-minute groom once a week to removed loose hairs. Indoor cats should have their nails trimmed every 4-6 weeks. Both grooming and nail trimming should start in kittenhood.

When you bring your new kitten home, feed him the same food he was fed at his old home, if you would like to change the type of food he eats, gradually introduce the new food while reducing the old type over a few days. This can help prevent tummy upsets.

Oral hygiene is important with any cat, brush the teeth daily with a pet toothbrush and toothpaste (never use human toothpaste), or feed raw chicken necks/ chunks of raw steak two to three times a week.

Your Abyssinian should see a veterinarian once a year for health checks.

Provide your Abyssinian with plenty of toys to keep him occupied and help him burn off some energy. Wand toys are perfect, they can stalk, chase and catch them.

Health

As with all cats, purebred or domestic, some can be more prone to health problems. Bear in mind that most of these conditions are still rare, even in Abyssinian cats and most breeders work hard to eliminate these diseases by careful breeding as well as genetic testing, where possible.

  • Patellar luxation
  • Overgrooming
  • Feline renal amyloidosis
  • Retinal degeneration
  • Gingivitis which can proceed to periodontitis (gum disease)
  • Psychogenic alopecia
  • Pyruvate kinase deficiency
  • Myasthenia gravis

Lifespan

The average lifespan of an Abyssinian cat is between 12-15 years.

Frequently asked questions

Are Abyssinians talkative? 

Abyssinians are not an overly talkative breed, and when they do meow, it is with a soft and quiet voice.

Do Abyssinians shed? 

Yes, Abyssinians shed, however, this can be reduced by a weekly brush to remove loose hairs.

Do Abyssinian cats like water? 

The Abyssinian is not known for its love of water.

Are Abyssinian cats small?

The Abyssinian is a medium-sized cat, weighing between 4.5 to 6 kg. Males are generally larger than females.

Julia Wilson is a cat expert with over 20 years of experience writing about a wide range of cat topics, with a special interest in cat health, welfare and preventative care. Julia lives in Sydney with her family, four cats and two dogs. She enjoys photography, gardening and running in her spare time. Full author bio Contact Julia