British shorthair at a glance
- Lifespan: 12-14 years
- Energy: Medium
- Temperament: Good-natured, quiet, independent, amiable
- Weight: Males 6-9 kg (13.2 – 19.8 lbs), females 4-6 kg (8.8 – 13.2 lbs)
- Colours: Blue, black, red, fawn, lilac, chocolate, cinnamon in solid and bicolour
- Grooming: Requires weekly grooming
- Other names: British Blue
- Cost: $900-1,500
The British shorthair is the pedigreed version of the traditional British domestic cat. They have a distinctively chunky body, dense coat and a broad face.
The Romans are credited with the spread of cats from Egypt to Greece and throughout the Roman Empire. However, domestic cats reached Britain before the Romans, which we still cannot explain. What we do know is that cats formed a symbiotic relationship with man; their role was to keep rodent populations in check.
There are two theories as to the origins of the British shorthair:
- Some say Harrison Weir himself created the breed, while others believe a group of cat lovers selectively bred the best examples of working cats. These cats were exhibited at the first cat show, organised by Harrison Weir at Crystal Palace in 1871.
- Initially, shorthaired cats dominated the early cat shows, but by 1896 the longhaired breeds were favoured, and shorthairs had declined in numbers. In an attempt to rescue the declining short-haired cats, the Short-haired Cat Society was formed in 1901 and this club catered for, amongst other breeds the British shorthair.
During World War I, many breeds of the cat were almost decimated, including the British shorthair. After the war, breeders attempted to re-establish the breed. As numbers were low, British shorthairs were sometimes outcrossed to Persian cats. The GCCF objected to the use of Persian cats and the offspring were not permitted to be shown or registered as British shorthairs. The offspring were mated back to British shorthairs, and after three generations they were allowed to be registered as British shorthairs.
In the 1930s, Kit Wilson became involved with the breed. After World War II very few British shorthairs survived. Breeders turned to unregistered domestics, Russian Blue’s and Chartreux to help restore the breed. The offspring of these matings didn’t match the British shorthair type, so once again, Persians were used to try and re-create the look of the British type.
The British shorthair is a medium to large cat with a sturdy and muscular that is described as cobby. The legs are heavy-boned, short with round paws and the tail is short to medium in length.
His head is massive and rounded with a broad skull and full jowls. There should be a gentle curve from the nose to the round forehead. Ears are small and set wide apart. The eyes are blue at birth, but change colour from around 4 weeks, common eye colours include yellow, gold, brown, green and blue (in pointed or white cats).
British shorthairs have a short, dense and plush coat. The most well-known colour is blue (grey), but all colours and patterns are accepted.
The British Shorthair is a slow-growing breed that reaches its full size around three years old.
Amiable, friendly and laid back describe the British shorthair. As kittens, they are playful, but adult British shorthairs tend to be less active than other breeds. They are a reasonably independent breed of cat and are happy to amuse themselves (often by snoozing), which makes them the perfect indoor cat.
Words used to describe the British shorthair include calm, affable, intelligent, quiet, independent.
The British shorthair is an overall healthy breed. However, there can be a higher incidence of the following inherited diseases.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS)
When interviewing cat breeders, always ask what genetic testing they perform on their breeding stock and ask for certification.
British shorthairs are a very low maintenance breed. A weekly brush will remove any loose hairs from the coat.
Dental care is essential for all cats, either daily brushing with a pet toothbrush and toothpaste or by giving your cat raw chicken necks or chunks of steak 2-3 times a week.
An annual veterinary checkup will help to keep your cat healthy and happy.
Most breeders will desex (spay or neuter) kittens before they go to their new home around 12-16 weeks. If the cat has not already been neutered, it is recommended you do so before six months.
Frequently asked questions
How do you know if your cat is a British shorthair?
The only way to know if your cat is a British shorthair is to purchase your cat from a registered cat breeder who will provide you with a pedigree. All registered breeders must be registered with one of the recognised cat associations such as the Cat Fanciers Association and they will have a prefix, which is the registered name of their cattery.
If you have a cat whose background is unknown, a DNA test will be able to shed some light on the cat’s ancestry.
Are British shorthair cats cuddly?
The British shorthair isn’t as cuddly or affectionate as other cat breeds but they are not unfriendly. Many would rather sit next to you and not on you.
Is the British shorthair talkative?
The British shorthair is not a talkative breed.
Are British Shorthairs affectionate?
The British Shorthair is affectionate but its independent nature makes it less needy than other breeds.
Do British Shorthairs have eye problems?
Eye problems can be a problem for brachycephalic (short-nosed) breeds such as the Persian and Exotic, but while the British Shorthair has a shorter nose than some other breeds, it is not brachycephalic and is not prone to eye problems.
What households are the British Shorthair suitable for?
Due to their easygoing, laid back and independent nature, British shorthairs make ideal pets. They get along with children and other pets.
How much does a British Shorthair cost?
A pet quality British Shorthair costs between $900 and $1500. Show quality British Shorthairs usually cost more than pet quality.
Are British Shorthairs lazy?
British Shorthairs aren’t lazy, but they are less active than a lot of other breeds.
Are British Shorthairs intelligent?
Yes they are, this makes them easy to train to walk on a harness or play a game of fetch.
What is the best food for British Shorthair kittens?
The best food for a British Shorthair is a premium kitten food.
Are British Shorthairs hypoallergenic?
The British Shorthair isn’t hypoallergenic.