Retinal Detachment in Cats

Retinal detachment in cats


A retinal detachment (RD) is a common, severe and sight-threatening disorder that occurs when the retina (a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye) lifts or pulls away from the retinal pigment epithelium which provides nourishment and oxygen.

The retina is the thin, transparent layer of light-sensitive tissue that lines the rear (posterior) wall of the eye, and works similarly to that of the film in a camera. Photosensitive cells known as rods and cones convert light into electrical impulses and transport them to the brain via the optic nerve.

Retinal detachment in cats

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Dandruff in Cats

Dandruff in cats

At a glance

About: Cat dandruff is a common condition characterised by small, white flakes of skin in the fur. It is a symptom rather than a disease in itself and can due to external factors ea) or internal factors.


  • Endocrine disorders (diabetes and hypothyroidism)
  • Allergies
  • Parasites
  • Dehydration
  • Low humidity

Symptoms: The most obvious signs are flecks of white skin in the fur on the face and along the back. It is more evident in cats with dark coats. Other symptoms will vary depending on the underlying cause.

Diagnosis: Complete physical examination and baseline tests to evaluate the overall health of your cat. Additional diagnostic tests will be necessary to determine the cause.

Treatment: Treat the underlying cause, increase hydration, omega 3 fatty acids, and moisturising shampoos can all help dandruff.

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Rapid Breathing (Tachypnea) in Cats

Rapid breathing in cats


Rapid breathing (tachypnea) is a respiratory disorder characterised by abnormal breathing that is rapid and shallow. It is caused by a reduced level of oxygen, mechanical disorders (where the lungs aren’t able to expand as they should, usually due to a build-up of fluid in or around the lungs), and physiological disorders in which the cat’s respiratory centre in the brain is overstimulated.

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Cesarean Section in Cats

c-section in cats

About: A cesarean section is a medical procedure where kittens are delivered via a surgical incision in the female cat’s abdomen. This procedure is necessary when a vaginal delivery will put the mother or her babies at risk.

Causes: Maternal: Uterine prolapse, uterine torsion, uterine inertia, uterine rupture, narrow birth canal. Fetal: malformation, difficult presentation, large fetus, fetal death.

Symptoms: Straining for an extended period without producing a kitten, gestation longer than 68 days, fever, dark or red discharge from the vagina.

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Pleural Effusion in Cats

Pleural effusion in cats


Pleural effusion is an abnormal buildup of fluid up in the pleural cavity, the thin fluid-filled space that lies between the lungs and the chest wall.

Two membranes line the thorax and lungs, and the space between naturally has a small amount of fluid, which helps to lubricate the lungs as he breathes in and out. Small blood vessels in the pleural lining produce this fluid, blood and lymph nodes take away excess fluid to keep it all in balance.

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Tick Borne Diseases in Cats

Tick borne diseases in cats

What are ticks?

Ticks are small ectoparasites, meaning they live on the outside of their host, and are members of the arachnid family (spiders and mites are also members of this family). There are over 800 species of tick, and their distribution is worldwide. Australia has around 70 species of tick. There are several diseases cats can pick up from tick bites which we will cover below.

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